The share of energy from renewable sources in the European Union (EU) - including biomass - reached 18% in 2018. Renewable energy sources, in this case, include solar thermal and photovoltaic energy, hydro (including tide, wave and ocean energy), wind, geothermal energy and all forms of biomass (including biological waste and liquid biofuels).
According to Eurostat data, the increase in the share of renewables is more than double the share in 2004 (8.5%) and is up from 17.5% in 2017. The EU’s target is to reach 20% of its energy from renewable sources by 2020 and at least 32% by 2030. Among the EU Member States, 12 have already reached a share equal to or above their national 2020 binding targets: Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Estonia, Czechia, Greece, Bulgaria, Croatia, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania and Cyprus. Four member states are close to meeting their targets (less than 1% away).
Sweden had the highest share of renewables in 2018, with more than half (54.6%) coming from renewable sources, ahead of Finland (41.2%), Latvia (40.3%), Denmark (36.1%) and Austria (33.4%). The Netherlands had the lowest proportion of renewables at 7.4%, followed by Malta (8%), Luxembourg (9.1%) and Belgium (9.4%).