Bioenergy Insight spoke to Dr Paolo Frankl, head of renewables at the International Energy Agency (IEA) and Facilitator of the Biofuture Platform, about the organisation’s Flagship World Energy Outlook 2020 report and what it means for bioenergy.
Biomethane, low-carbon hydrogen, and CCUS have been highlighted as possible solutions for greenhouse gas abatement, including from methane emissions. What can you tell us about the timelines for scalingup these technologies globally?
All three technologies have commercial scale applications today. There have been more than 30 new CCUS projects announced since 2017, the vast majority of which are in the US and the EU, but also China, Australia, the Middle East, and New Zealand.
The global demand for hydrogen is already 70 Mt a year, but clean hydrogen production, either with CCUS or electrolysis, remains very small (<1%). That is changing, however. Announced capacity additions would grow global electrolysis capacity by nearly 60 times by 2023 if all projects move forward.
Biomethane is also commercial...